National education policy, 2020 recognizes the importance of early education, and integrates vocational training at all stages of early education. It contributes to a vibrant knowledge society by providing high – quality education to all. Also, the policy emphasizes on conceptual understanding rather than rote-learning. Along with that it aims at bringing the 2 crore out of school children and complete their education. Additionally it focuses on 21st century skills in aspects of learning, teaching and assessment.

All you need to know about the national education policy  launched on 29th July, 2020.

  • Preparation for Schooling and Elementary Schooling Level:
    • ECCE for all by 2030: National Curriculum Framework for ECCE (Early childhood care & education) 
    • Achieve 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio in school education by 2030
    • Preparatory class/Balvatika for 5-6 year old children in Anganwadis/pre-schools
    • School Preparation module for all class 1 entrants
    • National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission
    • Setup of Bal Bhavans
  • School Infrastructure and Resources:
    • Special Education Zones (SEZ)
    • Utilize unused capacity of schools as Samajik Chetna Kendras
    • School complex/clusters for resource sharing
  • Holistic Development of the Student:
    • Book promotion policy and digital libraries
    • Holistic Report card – use AI for identifying specific aptitude of child
    • Vocational education integration from primary grades and a ten days (no bag days) internship with local trades/crafts person for Grades 6-8
    • Lok Vidya – local artists as master instructors in schools
    • No hard separation of curricular, extra and co-curricular, arts and science, sports and vocational crafts. Curriculum to integrate Indian culture and ethos
    • Innovative pedagogies to be explored such as experiential teaching/learning methods
  • Inclusivity:
    • Gender Inclusion Fund; KGBVs up to class 12
    • Special provisions for Gifted children
    • Adult Education (AE) to focus upon technology based solutions; NCF for AE to be developed
    • NIOS to expand to include vocational courses and courses for grades 3, 5 and 8
    • Medium of instruction will be in the mother tongue/local language till Grade 5 (at least)


  • Assessments:
    • National Assessment Centre for Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic development – PARAKH
    • Exams in Grades 3, 5 and 8 , in addition to Board exams in Grades 10 and 12
    • Board exams: Modular, low stakes, based on conceptual knowledge and its application


  • Curriculum and Pedagogical Framework
    • New curricular and pedagogical framework of 5+3+3+4
    • Reduction in curriculum to core concepts
    • Identification of life skills to be attained in each grade as a part of NCF
    • Alternative model of schools to be encouraged to adopt NCF
    • ICT integration in teaching and learning methodologies
    • Tracking students as well as their learning levels; universalisation of secondary education

To summarize, the vision of the national education policy  policy is to infuse skills, values, and dispositions that support responsible commitment to human rights, sustainable development and living, and global well-being, thereby reflecting a truly global citizen. We hope this policy brings the long due change required in the Indian education system.

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